Khilafat-e-Rashida. After the Prophet hood, Prophet MUHAMMAD (Peace Be Upon Him) preach in Macca Mukarrma and also carry on to send message of ALLAH in Madina Munawwra. Prophet MUHAMMAD (Peace Be Upon Him) first established Islamic government in Madina and gave universe beautiful social and economic government system and make them aware with the great lessons of manners. Prophet MUHAMMAD (Peace Be Upon Him) government was same like the Islamic government. And after the death his favourite companion Hazrat Abu Bakr sadique R.A was selected as the first caliph of Islam. He performed the duty with full devotion. The caliphs are those people who became the leaders of the Islamic state. These people either selected by the people or become caliph before them. After the death of Prophet MUHAMMAD (Peace Be Upon Him) four caliphs performed leadership of Islamic government.
Hazrat Abu Bakr Sadique R.A
After the death of Prophet MUHAMMAD (Peace Be Upon Him) his government starts from 13 Rabi-ul-Awal 11 Hijri and ends till 22nd Jamadi-us-Sani 13 Hijri (According to After Christ calendar 8 June 632 till 22nd of August 634) His total days of government is 2 years 3 months and 10 days.
Hazrat Umar Farooq R.A
After the death of Hazrat Abu Bakr Sadique R.A, Hazrat Umar Farooq R.A was selected as the caliph. His government period sustains from 23 Jamadi-us-sani 13 Hijri till 26 Zil-haj 23 Hijri (According to After Christ calendar 23 of August 634 till 1st of November 694.) total period of government was 10 years 6 months four days.
Hazrat Usman Ghani R.A
After the death of Hazrat Umar Farooq R.A, Hazrat Usman Ghani R.A took the government from 1st Muharram 24 Hijri to 18 Zil-Haj 35 Hijri (According to After Christ calendar 6 November 644 till 17th of June 645.) His period of government sustains for 11 years 11 months and 18 days.
Hazrat Ali Ibn Abi Talib R.A
Hazrat Usman Ghani R.A government ends up with his shahadat. And after that Hazrat Ali Ibn Abi Talib R.A took the charge of Islamic government. His government period sustains from 18 Zil-Haj 35 hijri till 21st of Ramadan 40 Hijri (According to After Christ calendar 17 June 656 till 29 January 661.) his total period of government remains for four years nine months and three days.
After that Hazrat Hussan, nephew of Prophet MUHAMMAD (Peace Be Upon Him) took the charge of government but seeing the scenario he gave away the government charge to Hazrat Ameer Muawia bin Abi Sufyan who was the companion of Prophet MUHAMMAD (Peace Be Upon Him) and belonged to the family of Banu-Umayya and after that Islamic government charge went to the Banu-Umayya family. After that different Muslims families preach Islam in different states and established their governments. Then the Islamic state started to spread fastly. In which all families took equal part. And Islamic laws implemented on Islamic areas.
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